The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) provides essential information about older hospitalized patients but is either not systematically adopted or not adopted at all in clinical routine. As a consequence, critical factors influencing patients’ trajectories, like personal resources (geriatric resources, GR), geriatric syndromes (GS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and multidimensional prognosis often escape routine diagnostics.
To investigate the association between HRQoL and GR/GS as well as its prognostic signature.
Material and methods
In this study 165 inpatients older than 65 years admitted to an internal medicine department of a German large metropolitan hospital were assessed by a CGA-based calculation of the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI). Ten different GR and 17 GS, as well as HRQoL were collected. After 3, 6 and 12 months the patients were followed-up by telephone.
The HRQoL was associated with MPI (p < 0.001), number of GS (p < 0.001) and survival days after discharge (p = 0.008). Additionally, significant associations were found between HRQoL and number of GR (p < 0.001). GS displaying risk for physical dependence like instability (p < 0.001) and chronic pain (p = 0.007) and single GR/GS that influence patient’s confidence like isolation (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.001) and emotional resources (p = 0.002) were also associated with HRQoL.
The HRQoL is significantly associated to specific risk and protective factor profiles of GR and GS. To improve quality of life, targeted, patient-centered diagnostics and treatment of GS as well as stabilization of GR should be encouraged in the management of older, multimorbid patients outside geriatric settings.