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Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 4/2021

18.03.2021 | Original Contributions

Laying the foundation for an ICF core set for community dwelling older adults in primary care: an expert survey

verfasst von: Susann Gotthardt, Johanna Tomandl, Anina Hoefle, Thomas Kuehlein, Stephanie Book, Elmar Graessel, Michael Talaska, Cornel Sieber, Ellen Freiberger

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 4/2021

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Abstract

Background

A holistic biopsychosocial model focused on functioning in individual contexts (environment, task) is better suited to meet the needs of older patients than disease only based models. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is the official standard for describing functional health. As the ICF is too detailed to be used in practice, brief core sets have been developed.

Objective

This study aimed to identify relevant aspects of functioning for older primary care patients from the perspective of healthcare professionals in Germany.

Material and methods

An internet-based cross-sectional expert survey was conducted in preparation for the development of an ICF core set for community-dwelling patients aged 75 years and older. Open-ended questions to identify the most important aspects of functioning and disability in old age were used. Responses were analyzed based on a content analysis approach to identify relevant concepts in the care of the target population. These concepts were then linked to ICF categories according to established linking rules.

Results

A total of 63 experts participated in this survey. Across all responses, 2240 meaningful concepts were identified. A total of 75 ICF categories (4 first level categories, 67 second level categories, 4 code combinations) were identified by at least 5% of respondents and will thus be considered as candidate categories for the final ICF core set. Most of concepts were associated with the environmental factors component. The most frequently identified categories were immediate family and family relationships.

Conclusion

This survey provides a list of relevant ICF categories from the experts’ perspective and together with other preparatory studies will be used for developing an ICF core set for community-dwelling older adults in primary care.
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Metadaten
Titel
Laying the foundation for an ICF core set for community dwelling older adults in primary care: an expert survey
verfasst von
Susann Gotthardt
Johanna Tomandl
Anina Hoefle
Thomas Kuehlein
Stephanie Book
Elmar Graessel
Michael Talaska
Cornel Sieber
Ellen Freiberger
Publikationsdatum
18.03.2021
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-021-01872-0

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