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08.08.2019 | Originalien

Intravenous esomeprazole versus pantoprazole for heartburn

A randomized controlled double-blind trial

verfasst von: O. Karakayali, Prof. S. Yilmaz, A. Karakayali, Yavuz Yigit, Huseyin Cahit Halhalli, Tolga Uslu

Erschienen in: Notfall + Rettungsmedizin

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Abstract

Background

Heartburn is one of the most common symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases. Intravenous (IV) administration of pantoprazole, lansoprazole, and esomeprazole is recommended by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for short-term acute treatment. Although there are many studies on these drugs in the literature, they are frequently related to long-term oral use and changes in intragastric pH.

Objective

This study compared the effects of IV esomeprazole with those of IV pantoprazole in patients presenting to the emergency department with heartburn.

Materials and methods

For this randomized controlled double-blind trial, patients aged over 18 years presenting with gastritis-related heartburn were eligible. Study patients received 40 mg esomeprazole or pantoprazole in 100 ml normal saline. Pain intensity was measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) at 30, 60, and 120 min. Patients were randomized and assigned to either of the two study arms via closed envelopes.

Results

Finally, 205 patients were randomized (esomeprazole: 104; pantoprazole 101). Mean age was 39.1 ± 13.78 years and 48.8% were male. Both esomeprazole (median VAS: 26 mm, interquartile range [IQR]: 17–38 mm) and pantoprazole (median: 24 mm, IQR: 14.5–36 mm) effectively reduced heartburn at 30 min, 60 min (median: 59.5 mm, IQR: 48–73.5 mm vs. 55 mm, IQR: 33–68.5 mm), and 120 min (median: 80 mm, IQR: 66.5–89.8 mm vs. 77 mm, IQR: 56–85 mm). While there was no statistically significant difference between the two drugs at 30 min (p = 0.312), there was a statistically significant difference in pain intensity between the esomeprazole and pantoprazole groups at 60 and 120 min (p = 0.014, p = 0.02, respectively).

Conclusion

Single-dose slow IV infusion of esomeprazole is faster and more effective in controlling heartburn than pantoprazole.
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Metadaten
Titel
Intravenous esomeprazole versus pantoprazole for heartburn
A randomized controlled double-blind trial
verfasst von
O. Karakayali
Prof. S. Yilmaz
A. Karakayali
Yavuz Yigit
Huseyin Cahit Halhalli
Tolga Uslu
Publikationsdatum
08.08.2019
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin
Print ISSN: 1434-6222
Elektronische ISSN: 1436-0578
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10049-019-0626-9