Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The aging of societies will increase the need for healthcare services and lead to a growing number of older employees. These two developments are relevant in the healthcare sector (HCS), which is of rising societal and economic importance and at the same time employs many older people.
This article, which was written within the EXTEND project, investigates the working conditions and the prospective retirement age of older employees in the HCS in comparison to other sectors and explores what companies are doing to address the needs of this group.
The analysis was conducted as a mixed methods approach. The quantitative part was based on data derived from the Transitions and Old Age Potential (TOP) study in which older German employees were asked about their working conditions and retirement transitions. Matching techniques (coarsened exact matching) were used to investigate differences between sectors. The sample consisted of 114 employees aged between 55 and 65 years, working in the HCS and their statistical twins. The qualitative analysis was based on case studies in two inpatient care organizations and two hospitals in Germany. A total of 23 semistructured interviews with staff members and with representatives of the management were carried out and thematically analyzed.
The results showed that older employees in the HCS do not expect to retire earlier but preferred to do so significantly more often. Furthermore, HCS employees are more likely to face physically burdensome working conditions than in other sectors of the economy. The case studies indicated that there are very diverse and unsystematic strategies in addressing and supporting older employees.
Older employees in the HCS sector are employed in much harsher working conditions than their peers in other sectors. This must be kept in mind when trying to extend their working lives.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Baldauf B, Lindley RM (2013) Active ageing and age management—European case studies focusing on the caring sectors and local government. Res Policy Plan 30:37–50
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (2012) Arbeit in der Pflege – Arbeit am Limit? Arbeitsbedingungen in der Pflegebranche: 1–2
Chang EM, Daly JW, Hancock KM et al (2006) The relationships among workplace stressors, coping methods, demographic characteristics, and health in Australian nurses. J Prof Nurs 22:30–38 CrossRef
European Commission (2014) EU Employment and Social Situation. Quarterly Review. http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=13356&langId=en. Accessed 10 Aug 2017
Evans M, Hilbert J (2015) Personenbezogene Dienstleistungen. Gestaltungsanforderungen einer Zukunftsbranche. In: Hoffmann R, Bogedan C (eds) Arbeit der Zukunft. Campus, Frankfurt/Main, S 318–400
Frerichs F, Lindley R, Aleksandrowicz P et al (2011) Integrated Final Report on Organisational Case Studies and Good Practices in Age-management
Gelsema TI, Van Der Doef M, Maes S et al (2005) Job Stress in the Nursing Profession: The Influence of Organizational and Environmental Conditions and Job Characteristics. Int J Stress Manag 12:222 CrossRef
Hess M (2016) Expected and preferred retirement age in Germany. Z Gerontol Geriatr 51:98–104 CrossRef
Hofäcker D, Hess M, König S (2016) Delaying retirement: Progress and challenges of active ageing in Europe, the United States and Japan. Springer, Heidelberg CrossRef
Iacus SM, King G, Porro G (2012) Causal inference without balance checking: Coarsened exact matching. Polit Anal 20:1–24 CrossRef
Leinonen T, Pietiläinen O, Laaksonen M et al (2011) Occupational social class and disability retirement among municipal employees—the contribution of health behaviors and working conditions. Scand J Work Environ Health 37:464–472 CrossRef
Li J, Shang L, Galatsch M et al (2013) Psychosocial work environment and intention to leave the nursing profession: a cross-national prospective study of eight countries. Int J Heal Serv 43:519–536 CrossRef
Manyisa ZM, van Aswegen EJ (2017) Factors affecting working conditions in public hospitals: A literature review. Int J Africa Nurs Sci 6:28–38 CrossRef
Naegele G, Bauknecht J (eds) (2015) National Policy Report. MoPAct WP3
Naegele G (2017) Der demografische Wandel hat längst die Arbeitswelt erreicht – und was ist passiert? In: Hoose F, Beckmann F, Schönauer A‑L (eds) Fortsetzung folgt: Kontinuität und Wandel von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Springer, Wiesbaden, S 351–375 CrossRef
Naegele G, Bauknecht J (2013) WP3: Conceptual framework Task 1 of wp3
Naegele G, Walker A (2006) A guide to good practice in age management
Sackreuther I, Schröber J, Cihlar V et al (2016) TOP – Transitions and Old Age Potential. Methodology Report on the Study. BiB Daten- und Methodenberichte, vol 2/2016. Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB), Wiesbaden
Schulz E, Radvanský M (2014) Impact of Ageing Populations on Silver Economy, Health and Long-Term Care Workforce
Schuring M, Robroek SJW, Otten FWJ et al (2013) The effect of ill health and socioeconomic status on labor force exit and re-employment: a prospective study with ten years follow-up in the Netherlands. Scand J Work Environ Health 39:134–143 CrossRef
Sporket M (2011) Organisationen im demographischen Wandel Alternsmanagement in der betrieblichen Praxis. Springer VS, Wiesbaden CrossRef
Vuori J, Toppinen-Tanner S, Mutanen P (2012) Effects of resource-building group intervention on career management and mental health in work organizations: randomized controlled field trial. J Appl Psychol 97:273 CrossRef
Transition to retirement in the healthcare sector
Working conditions and attitudes of older workers
- Springer Medizin
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269