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Erschienen in: Notfall +  Rettungsmedizin 1/2016

01.02.2016 | Suchterkrankungen | Leitthema

Alkoholentzugsdelir und akute Komplikationen

Diagnose und Behandlung

verfasst von: Dr. med. G. Haas

Erschienen in: Notfall + Rettungsmedizin | Ausgabe 1/2016

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Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

In der Notfallmedizin stellt das Alkoholentzugsdelir ein häufiges Krankheitsbild dar. Basis für die Erkennung bleibt eine genaue und vorurteilsfreie Anamnese und Befunderhebung.

Ergebnisse und Schlussfolgerung

Die Therapie erfolgt symptomadaptiert. Grundlage bleibt die Therapie mit GABAergen Substanzen wie Benzodiazepinen und Clomethiazol sowie die Gabe von Vitamin B 1 . Durch eine frühzeitige Behandlung und Erkennung der Komplikationen wie Entzugsanfällen, intrakraniellen Blutungen, Elektrolytstörungen, der Wernicke-Enzephalopathie und kardialen Rhythmusstörungen kann die Prognose deutlich verbessert werden.
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Metadaten
Titel
Alkoholentzugsdelir und akute Komplikationen
Diagnose und Behandlung
verfasst von
Dr. med. G. Haas
Publikationsdatum
01.02.2016
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin / Ausgabe 1/2016
Print ISSN: 1434-6222
Elektronische ISSN: 1436-0578
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10049-015-0108-7

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