Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 1/2019

29.06.2017 | Übersichten

Skelettmuskuläre Faktoren, Sarkopenie und Stürze im Alter

verfasst von: Daniel Schoene, Eva Kiesswetter, Cornel C. Sieber, Ellen Freiberger

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 1/2019

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Zusammenfassung

Stürze im Alter sind ein wichtiges Gesundheitsproblem mit hoher Inzidenz und schwerwiegenden Konsequenzen für den alten Menschen. Die alternsbezogenen Verluste von Muskelkraft und Muskelmasse und -funktion (Sarkopenie) sind i) Risikofaktoren für Stürze, ii) assoziiert mit der körperlichen Funktionalität und iii) Marker des Gebrechlichkeitssyndroms. Der Muskelfunktion kommt dabei eine größere Rolle zu als der Muskelmasse. Die Operationalisierung der Sarkopenie anhand des Algorithmus der European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) ist konsistent assoziiert mit dem Sturzereignis. Gezieltes körperliches Training spielt die Schlüsselrolle in der Prävention von Stürzen und der Behandlung von Funktionsverlusten durch Sarkopenie und Gebrechlichkeit. Die kombinierte Supplementierung von Protein und Vitamin D unterstützt die Muskelproteinbiosynthese bei unterversorgten Personen und verbessert Aspekte der körperlichen Funktion.
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Almeida CW, Castro CH, Pedreira PG et al (2011) Percentage height of center of mass is associated with the risk of falls among elderly women: a case-control study. Gait Posture 34:208–212 CrossRefPubMed Almeida CW, Castro CH, Pedreira PG et al (2011) Percentage height of center of mass is associated with the risk of falls among elderly women: a case-control study. Gait Posture 34:208–212 CrossRefPubMed
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Anderson DE, Quinn E, Parker E et al (2016) Associations of computed tomography-based trunk muscle size and density with balance and falls in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 71:811–816 CrossRefPubMed Anderson DE, Quinn E, Parker E et al (2016) Associations of computed tomography-based trunk muscle size and density with balance and falls in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 71:811–816 CrossRefPubMed
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Bauer JM, Verlaan S, Bautmans I et al (2015) Effects of a vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein nutritional supplement on measures of sarcopenia in older adults, the PROVIDE study: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Am Med Dir Assoc 16:740–747 CrossRefPubMed Bauer JM, Verlaan S, Bautmans I et al (2015) Effects of a vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein nutritional supplement on measures of sarcopenia in older adults, the PROVIDE study: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Am Med Dir Assoc 16:740–747 CrossRefPubMed
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Bean JF, Leveille SG, Kiely DK et al (2003) A comparison of leg power and leg strength within the InCHIANTI study: Which influences mobility more? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:728–733 CrossRefPubMed Bean JF, Leveille SG, Kiely DK et al (2003) A comparison of leg power and leg strength within the InCHIANTI study: Which influences mobility more? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:728–733 CrossRefPubMed
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Becker C, Blessing-Kapelke U (2011) Empfehlungspapier für das körperliche Training zur Sturzprävention bei älteren, zu Hause lebenden Menschen. Z Gerontol Geriatr 44:121 CrossRefPubMed Becker C, Blessing-Kapelke U (2011) Empfehlungspapier für das körperliche Training zur Sturzprävention bei älteren, zu Hause lebenden Menschen. Z Gerontol Geriatr 44:121 CrossRefPubMed
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Benichou O, Lord SR (2016) Rationale for strengthening muscle to prevent falls and fractures: a review of the evidence. Calcif Tissue Int 98:531–545 CrossRefPubMed Benichou O, Lord SR (2016) Rationale for strengthening muscle to prevent falls and fractures: a review of the evidence. Calcif Tissue Int 98:531–545 CrossRefPubMed
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Orav JE, Kanis JA et al (2015) Comparative performance of current definitions of sarcopenia against the prospective incidence of falls among community-dwelling seniors age 65 and older. Osteoporos Int 26:2793–2802 CrossRefPubMed Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Orav JE, Kanis JA et al (2015) Comparative performance of current definitions of sarcopenia against the prospective incidence of falls among community-dwelling seniors age 65 and older. Osteoporos Int 26:2793–2802 CrossRefPubMed
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Bloomfield SA (1997) Changes in musculoskeletal structure and function with prolonged bed rest. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:197–206 CrossRefPubMed Bloomfield SA (1997) Changes in musculoskeletal structure and function with prolonged bed rest. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:197–206 CrossRefPubMed
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Burd NA, West DW, Moore DR et al (2011) Enhanced amino acid sensitivity of myofibrillar protein synthesis persists for up to 24 hours after resistance exercise in young men. J Nutr 141:568–573 CrossRefPubMed Burd NA, West DW, Moore DR et al (2011) Enhanced amino acid sensitivity of myofibrillar protein synthesis persists for up to 24 hours after resistance exercise in young men. J Nutr 141:568–573 CrossRefPubMed
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Burd NA, Gorissen SH, van Loon LJC (2013) Anabolic resistance of muscle protein synthesis with aging. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 41:169–173 CrossRefPubMed Burd NA, Gorissen SH, van Loon LJC (2013) Anabolic resistance of muscle protein synthesis with aging. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 41:169–173 CrossRefPubMed
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Campbell B, Kreider RB, Ziegenfuss T et al (2007) International society of sports nutrition position stand: protein and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:8 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Campbell B, Kreider RB, Ziegenfuss T et al (2007) International society of sports nutrition position stand: protein and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 4:8 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Carter ND, Khan KM, Mallinson A et al (2002) Knee extension strength is a significant determinant of static and dynamic balance as well as quality of life in older community-dwelling women with osteoporosis. Gerontology 48:360–368 CrossRefPubMed Carter ND, Khan KM, Mallinson A et al (2002) Knee extension strength is a significant determinant of static and dynamic balance as well as quality of life in older community-dwelling women with osteoporosis. Gerontology 48:360–368 CrossRefPubMed
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Casas-Herrero A, Cadore EL, Zambom-Ferraresi F et al (2013) Functional capacity, muscle fat infiltration, power output, and cognitive impairment in institutionalized frail oldest old. Rejuvenation Res 16:396–403 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Casas-Herrero A, Cadore EL, Zambom-Ferraresi F et al (2013) Functional capacity, muscle fat infiltration, power output, and cognitive impairment in institutionalized frail oldest old. Rejuvenation Res 16:396–403 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Cawthon PM, Blackwell TL, Cauley J et al (2015) Evaluation of the usefulness of consensus definitions of sarcopenia in older men: results from the observational osteoporotic fractures in men cohort study. J Am Geriatr Soc 63:2247–2259 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Cawthon PM, Blackwell TL, Cauley J et al (2015) Evaluation of the usefulness of consensus definitions of sarcopenia in older men: results from the observational osteoporotic fractures in men cohort study. J Am Geriatr Soc 63:2247–2259 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Cress ME, Meyer M (2003) Maximal voluntary and functional performance needed for independence in adults aged 65 to 97 years. Phys Ther 83:37–48 PubMed Cress ME, Meyer M (2003) Maximal voluntary and functional performance needed for independence in adults aged 65 to 97 years. Phys Ther 83:37–48 PubMed
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM et al (2010) Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: report of the European working group on sarcopenia in older people. Age Ageing 39:412–423 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM et al (2010) Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: report of the European working group on sarcopenia in older people. Age Ageing 39:412–423 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
17.
Zurück zum Zitat De Rekeneire N, Visser M, Peila R et al (2003) Is a fall just a fall: correlates of falling in healthy older persons. The health, aging and body composition study. J Am Geriatr Soc 51:841–846 CrossRefPubMed De Rekeneire N, Visser M, Peila R et al (2003) Is a fall just a fall: correlates of falling in healthy older persons. The health, aging and body composition study. J Am Geriatr Soc 51:841–846 CrossRefPubMed
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Deandrea S, Lucenteforte E, Bravi F et al (2010) Review article: risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology 21:658–668 CrossRefPubMed Deandrea S, Lucenteforte E, Bravi F et al (2010) Review article: risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology 21:658–668 CrossRefPubMed
19.
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Faber MJ, Bosscher RJ, Chin APMJ et al (2006) Effects of exercise programs on falls and mobility in frail and pre-frail older adults: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:885–896 CrossRefPubMed Faber MJ, Bosscher RJ, Chin APMJ et al (2006) Effects of exercise programs on falls and mobility in frail and pre-frail older adults: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:885–896 CrossRefPubMed
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Fiatarone MA, Marks EC, Ryan ND et al (1990) High-intensity strength training in nonagenarians. Effects on skeletal muscle. JAMA 263:3029–3034 CrossRefPubMed Fiatarone MA, Marks EC, Ryan ND et al (1990) High-intensity strength training in nonagenarians. Effects on skeletal muscle. JAMA 263:3029–3034 CrossRefPubMed
22.
Zurück zum Zitat Fielding RA, Vellas B, Evans WJ et al (2011) Sarcopenia: an undiagnosed condition in older adults. Current consensus definition: prevalence, etiology, and consequences. International working group on sarcopenia. J Am Med Dir Assoc 12:249–256 CrossRefPubMed Fielding RA, Vellas B, Evans WJ et al (2011) Sarcopenia: an undiagnosed condition in older adults. Current consensus definition: prevalence, etiology, and consequences. International working group on sarcopenia. J Am Med Dir Assoc 12:249–256 CrossRefPubMed
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Freiberger E, Menz HB (2006) Characteristics of falls in physically active community-dwelling older people. Z Gerontol Geriatr 39:261–267 CrossRefPubMed Freiberger E, Menz HB (2006) Characteristics of falls in physically active community-dwelling older people. Z Gerontol Geriatr 39:261–267 CrossRefPubMed
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J et al (2001) Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M146–M156 CrossRefPubMed Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J et al (2001) Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M146–M156 CrossRefPubMed
25.
Zurück zum Zitat Fritz S, Lusardi M (2009) White paper: “walking speed: the sixth vital sign”. J Geriatr Phys Ther 32:46–49 CrossRefPubMed Fritz S, Lusardi M (2009) White paper: “walking speed: the sixth vital sign”. J Geriatr Phys Ther 32:46–49 CrossRefPubMed
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Gill TM, Allore H, Guo Z (2004) The deleterious effects of bed rest among community-living older persons. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:755–761 CrossRefPubMed Gill TM, Allore H, Guo Z (2004) The deleterious effects of bed rest among community-living older persons. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:755–761 CrossRefPubMed
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Gill TM, Gahbauer EA, Allore HG et al (2006) Transitions between frailty states among community-living older persons. Arch Intern Med 166:418–423 CrossRefPubMed Gill TM, Gahbauer EA, Allore HG et al (2006) Transitions between frailty states among community-living older persons. Arch Intern Med 166:418–423 CrossRefPubMed
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Harvey JA, Chastin SF, Skelton DA (2015) How sedentary are older people? A systematic review of the amount of sedentary behavior. J Aging Phys Act 23:471–487 CrossRefPubMed Harvey JA, Chastin SF, Skelton DA (2015) How sedentary are older people? A systematic review of the amount of sedentary behavior. J Aging Phys Act 23:471–487 CrossRefPubMed
30.
Zurück zum Zitat Horlings CG, Van Engelen BG, Allum JH et al (2008) A weak balance: the contribution of muscle weakness to postural instability and falls. Nature clinical practice. Neurology 4:504–515 PubMed Horlings CG, Van Engelen BG, Allum JH et al (2008) A weak balance: the contribution of muscle weakness to postural instability and falls. Nature clinical practice. Neurology 4:504–515 PubMed
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Iannuzzi-Sucich M, Prestwood KM, Kenny AM (2002) Prevalence of sarcopenia and predictors of skeletal muscle mass in healthy, older men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 57:M772–M777 CrossRefPubMed Iannuzzi-Sucich M, Prestwood KM, Kenny AM (2002) Prevalence of sarcopenia and predictors of skeletal muscle mass in healthy, older men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 57:M772–M777 CrossRefPubMed
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Ip EH, Church T, Marshall SA et al (2013) Physical activity increases gains in and prevents loss of physical function: results from the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 68:426–432 CrossRefPubMed Ip EH, Church T, Marshall SA et al (2013) Physical activity increases gains in and prevents loss of physical function: results from the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 68:426–432 CrossRefPubMed
33.
Zurück zum Zitat Kelsey JL, Berry SD, Procter-Gray E et al (2010) Indoor and outdoor falls in older adults are different: the MOBILIZE Boston study. J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2135–2141 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kelsey JL, Berry SD, Procter-Gray E et al (2010) Indoor and outdoor falls in older adults are different: the MOBILIZE Boston study. J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2135–2141 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
34.
Zurück zum Zitat Kelsey JL, Procter-Gray E, Hannan MT et al (2012) Heterogeneity of falls among older adults: implications for public health prevention. Am J Public Health 102:2149–2156 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kelsey JL, Procter-Gray E, Hannan MT et al (2012) Heterogeneity of falls among older adults: implications for public health prevention. Am J Public Health 102:2149–2156 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
35.
Zurück zum Zitat Kemmler W, Teschler M, Goisser S et al (2015) Prevalence of sarcopenia in Germany and the corresponding effect of osteoarthritis in females 70 years and older living in the community: results of the FORMoSA study. Clin Interv Aging 10:1565–1573 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kemmler W, Teschler M, Goisser S et al (2015) Prevalence of sarcopenia in Germany and the corresponding effect of osteoarthritis in females 70 years and older living in the community: results of the FORMoSA study. Clin Interv Aging 10:1565–1573 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
36.
Zurück zum Zitat Kiesswetter E (2015) Optimierte Ernährung bei Sarkopenie. Ars Med 2015:6–11 Kiesswetter E (2015) Optimierte Ernährung bei Sarkopenie. Ars Med 2015:6–11
37.
Zurück zum Zitat Kojima G (2015) Frailty as a predictor of future falls among community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc 16:1027–1033 CrossRefPubMed Kojima G (2015) Frailty as a predictor of future falls among community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc 16:1027–1033 CrossRefPubMed
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Kortebein P, Ferrando A, Lombeida J et al (2007) EFfect of 10 days of bed rest on skeletal muscle in healthy older adults. JAMA 297:1769–1774 CrossRef Kortebein P, Ferrando A, Lombeida J et al (2007) EFfect of 10 days of bed rest on skeletal muscle in healthy older adults. JAMA 297:1769–1774 CrossRef
39.
Zurück zum Zitat Krug S, Jordan S, Mensink GBM et al (2013) Körperliche Aktivität Ergebnisse der Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland (DEGS1). Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 56:765–771 CrossRefPubMed Krug S, Jordan S, Mensink GBM et al (2013) Körperliche Aktivität Ergebnisse der Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland (DEGS1). Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 56:765–771 CrossRefPubMed
40.
Zurück zum Zitat Kyrdalen IL, Moen K, Røysland AS et al (2014) The Otago exercise program performed as group training versus home training in fall-prone older people: a randomized controlled trial. Physiother Res Int 19:108–116 CrossRefPubMed Kyrdalen IL, Moen K, Røysland AS et al (2014) The Otago exercise program performed as group training versus home training in fall-prone older people: a randomized controlled trial. Physiother Res Int 19:108–116 CrossRefPubMed
41.
Zurück zum Zitat Landi F, Calvani R, Cesari M et al (2015) Sarcopenia as the biological substrate of physical frailty. Clin Geriatr Med 31:367–374 CrossRefPubMed Landi F, Calvani R, Cesari M et al (2015) Sarcopenia as the biological substrate of physical frailty. Clin Geriatr Med 31:367–374 CrossRefPubMed
42.
Zurück zum Zitat Lang T, Streeper T, Cawthon P et al (2010) Sarcopenia: etiology, clinical consequences, intervention, and assessment. Osteoporos Int 21:543–559 CrossRefPubMed Lang T, Streeper T, Cawthon P et al (2010) Sarcopenia: etiology, clinical consequences, intervention, and assessment. Osteoporos Int 21:543–559 CrossRefPubMed
43.
Zurück zum Zitat Lexell J, Taylor CC, Sjöström M (1988) What is the cause of the ageing atrophy?: Total number, size and proportion of different fiber types studied in whole vastus lateralis muscle from 15- to 83-year-old men. J Neurol Sci 84:275–294 CrossRefPubMed Lexell J, Taylor CC, Sjöström M (1988) What is the cause of the ageing atrophy?: Total number, size and proportion of different fiber types studied in whole vastus lateralis muscle from 15- to 83-year-old men. J Neurol Sci 84:275–294 CrossRefPubMed
44.
Zurück zum Zitat Leung KS, Li CY, Tse YK et al (2014) Effects of 18-month low-magnitude high-frequency vibration on fall rate and fracture risks in 710 community elderly – a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Osteoporos Int 25:1785–1795 CrossRefPubMed Leung KS, Li CY, Tse YK et al (2014) Effects of 18-month low-magnitude high-frequency vibration on fall rate and fracture risks in 710 community elderly – a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Osteoporos Int 25:1785–1795 CrossRefPubMed
45.
Zurück zum Zitat Looker AC, Wang CY (2015) Prevalence of reduced muscle strength in older U.S. adults: United States, 2011–2012. NCHS data brief (179):1–8 Looker AC, Wang CY (2015) Prevalence of reduced muscle strength in older U.S. adults: United States, 2011–2012. NCHS data brief (179):1–8
46.
Zurück zum Zitat Lord SR, Clark RD, Webster IW (1991) Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons. J Gerontol 46:M69–M76 CrossRefPubMed Lord SR, Clark RD, Webster IW (1991) Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons. J Gerontol 46:M69–M76 CrossRefPubMed
47.
Zurück zum Zitat Machado A, García-López D, Gonzaléz-Gallego J et al (2010) Whole-body vibration training increases muscle strength and mass in older women: a randomized-controlled trial. Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:200–207 CrossRefPubMed Machado A, García-López D, Gonzaléz-Gallego J et al (2010) Whole-body vibration training increases muscle strength and mass in older women: a randomized-controlled trial. Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:200–207 CrossRefPubMed
48.
Zurück zum Zitat Maki BE, Mcilroy WE (2006) Control of rapid limb movements for balance recovery: age-related changes and implications for fall prevention. Age Ageing 35(Suppl 2):ii12–ii18 CrossRefPubMed Maki BE, Mcilroy WE (2006) Control of rapid limb movements for balance recovery: age-related changes and implications for fall prevention. Age Ageing 35(Suppl 2):ii12–ii18 CrossRefPubMed
49.
Zurück zum Zitat Matsumoto H, Hagino H, Sageshima H et al (2015) Diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis and gait variability increases risk of falling for osteoporotic older adults: the GAINA study. Osteoporos Sarcopenia 1:46–52 CrossRef Matsumoto H, Hagino H, Sageshima H et al (2015) Diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis and gait variability increases risk of falling for osteoporotic older adults: the GAINA study. Osteoporos Sarcopenia 1:46–52 CrossRef
50.
Zurück zum Zitat Menant JC, Weber F, Lo J et al (2016) Strength measures are better than muscle mass measures in predicting health-related outcomes in older people: time to abandon the term sarcopenia? Osteoporos Int 28(1):59–70. doi: 10.​1007/​s00198-016-3691-7 CrossRefPubMed Menant JC, Weber F, Lo J et al (2016) Strength measures are better than muscle mass measures in predicting health-related outcomes in older people: time to abandon the term sarcopenia? Osteoporos Int 28(1):59–70. doi: 10.​1007/​s00198-016-3691-7 CrossRefPubMed
51.
Zurück zum Zitat Montero-Odasso M, Schapira M, Soriano ER et al (2005) Gait velocity as a single predictor of adverse events in healthy seniors aged 75 years and older. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:1304–1309 CrossRefPubMed Montero-Odasso M, Schapira M, Soriano ER et al (2005) Gait velocity as a single predictor of adverse events in healthy seniors aged 75 years and older. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:1304–1309 CrossRefPubMed
52.
Zurück zum Zitat Moreland JD, Richardson JA, Goldsmith CH et al (2004) Muscle weakness and falls in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1121–1129 CrossRefPubMed Moreland JD, Richardson JA, Goldsmith CH et al (2004) Muscle weakness and falls in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1121–1129 CrossRefPubMed
56.
Zurück zum Zitat Panel on Prevention of Falls in Older Persons, American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society (2011) Summary of the updated American Geriatrics Society/British Geriatrics Society clinical practice guideline for prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 59:148–157 CrossRef Panel on Prevention of Falls in Older Persons, American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society (2011) Summary of the updated American Geriatrics Society/British Geriatrics Society clinical practice guideline for prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 59:148–157 CrossRef
57.
Zurück zum Zitat Pereira CL, Baptista F, Infante P (2013) Men older than 50 yrs are more likely to fall than women under similar conditions of health, body composition, and balance. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 92:1095–1103 CrossRefPubMed Pereira CL, Baptista F, Infante P (2013) Men older than 50 yrs are more likely to fall than women under similar conditions of health, body composition, and balance. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 92:1095–1103 CrossRefPubMed
58.
Zurück zum Zitat Quach L, Galica AM, Jones RN et al (2011) The nonlinear relationship between gait speed and falls: the maintenance of balance, independent living, intellect, and zest in the Elderly of Boston study. J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1069–1073 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Quach L, Galica AM, Jones RN et al (2011) The nonlinear relationship between gait speed and falls: the maintenance of balance, independent living, intellect, and zest in the Elderly of Boston study. J Am Geriatr Soc 59:1069–1073 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
59.
Zurück zum Zitat Reid KF, Fielding RA (2012) Skeletal muscle power: a critical determinant of physical functioning in older adults. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 40:4–12 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Reid KF, Fielding RA (2012) Skeletal muscle power: a critical determinant of physical functioning in older adults. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 40:4–12 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
60.
Zurück zum Zitat Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR (2002) The epidemiology of falls and syncope. Clin Geriatr Med 18:141–158 CrossRefPubMed Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR (2002) The epidemiology of falls and syncope. Clin Geriatr Med 18:141–158 CrossRefPubMed
62.
Zurück zum Zitat Skelton DA, Kennedy J, Rutherford OM (2002) Explosive power and asymmetry in leg muscle function in frequent fallers and non-fallers aged over 65. Age Ageing 31:119–125 CrossRefPubMed Skelton DA, Kennedy J, Rutherford OM (2002) Explosive power and asymmetry in leg muscle function in frequent fallers and non-fallers aged over 65. Age Ageing 31:119–125 CrossRefPubMed
63.
Zurück zum Zitat Spira D, Norman K, Nikolov J et al (2016) Prevalence and definition of sarcopenia in community dwelling older people. Data from the Berlin aging study II (BASE-II). Z Gerontol Geriatr 49:94–99 CrossRefPubMed Spira D, Norman K, Nikolov J et al (2016) Prevalence and definition of sarcopenia in community dwelling older people. Data from the Berlin aging study II (BASE-II). Z Gerontol Geriatr 49:94–99 CrossRefPubMed
64.
Zurück zum Zitat Steib S, Schoene D, Pfeifer K (2010) Dose-response relationship of resistance training in older adults: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:902–914 CrossRefPubMed Steib S, Schoene D, Pfeifer K (2010) Dose-response relationship of resistance training in older adults: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:902–914 CrossRefPubMed
65.
Zurück zum Zitat Stewart VH, Saunders DH, Greig CA (2014) Responsiveness of muscle size and strength to physical training in very elderly people: a systematic review. Scand J Med Sci Sports 24:e1–e10 CrossRefPubMed Stewart VH, Saunders DH, Greig CA (2014) Responsiveness of muscle size and strength to physical training in very elderly people: a systematic review. Scand J Med Sci Sports 24:e1–e10 CrossRefPubMed
66.
Zurück zum Zitat Szulc P, Beck TJ, Marchand F et al (2005) Low skeletal muscle mass is associated with poor structural parameters of bone and impaired balance in elderly men – the MINOS study. J Bone Miner Res 20:721–729 CrossRefPubMed Szulc P, Beck TJ, Marchand F et al (2005) Low skeletal muscle mass is associated with poor structural parameters of bone and impaired balance in elderly men – the MINOS study. J Bone Miner Res 20:721–729 CrossRefPubMed
67.
Zurück zum Zitat Szulc P, Feyt C, Chapurlat R (2016) High risk of fall, poor physical function, and low grip strength in men with fracture-the STRAMBO study. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 7:299–311 CrossRefPubMed Szulc P, Feyt C, Chapurlat R (2016) High risk of fall, poor physical function, and low grip strength in men with fracture-the STRAMBO study. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 7:299–311 CrossRefPubMed
68.
Zurück zum Zitat Taylor HL, Jacobs DR Jr, Schucker B et al (1978) A questionnaire for the assessment of leisure time physical activities. J Chronic Dis 31:741–755 CrossRefPubMed Taylor HL, Jacobs DR Jr, Schucker B et al (1978) A questionnaire for the assessment of leisure time physical activities. J Chronic Dis 31:741–755 CrossRefPubMed
69.
Zurück zum Zitat Thomas S, Mackintosh S, Halbert J (2010) Does the ‘Otago exercise programme’ reduce mortality and falls in older adults?: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Age Ageing 39:681–687 CrossRefPubMed Thomas S, Mackintosh S, Halbert J (2010) Does the ‘Otago exercise programme’ reduce mortality and falls in older adults?: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Age Ageing 39:681–687 CrossRefPubMed
70.
Zurück zum Zitat Tiedemann A, Shimada H, Sherrington C et al (2008) The comparative ability of eight functional mobility tests for predicting falls in community-dwelling older people. Age Ageing 37:430–435 CrossRefPubMed Tiedemann A, Shimada H, Sherrington C et al (2008) The comparative ability of eight functional mobility tests for predicting falls in community-dwelling older people. Age Ageing 37:430–435 CrossRefPubMed
71.
Zurück zum Zitat Van Puyenbroeck K, Roelandts L, Van Deun T et al (2012) The additional value of bioelectrical impedance analysis-derived muscle mass as a screening tool in geriatric assessment for fall prevention. Gerontology 58:407–412 CrossRefPubMed Van Puyenbroeck K, Roelandts L, Van Deun T et al (2012) The additional value of bioelectrical impedance analysis-derived muscle mass as a screening tool in geriatric assessment for fall prevention. Gerontology 58:407–412 CrossRefPubMed
72.
Zurück zum Zitat Viccaro LJ, Perera S, Studenski SA (2011) Is timed up and go better than gait speed in predicting health, function, and falls in older adults? J Am Geriatr Soc 59:887–892 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Viccaro LJ, Perera S, Studenski SA (2011) Is timed up and go better than gait speed in predicting health, function, and falls in older adults? J Am Geriatr Soc 59:887–892 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
73.
Zurück zum Zitat Wolfe RR (2006) The underappreciated role of muscle in health and disease. Am J Clin Nutr 84:475–482 CrossRefPubMed Wolfe RR (2006) The underappreciated role of muscle in health and disease. Am J Clin Nutr 84:475–482 CrossRefPubMed
74.
Zurück zum Zitat Wu G (1998) The relation between age-related changes in neuromusculoskeletal system and dynamic postural responses to balance disturbance. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 53:M320–M326 CrossRefPubMed Wu G (1998) The relation between age-related changes in neuromusculoskeletal system and dynamic postural responses to balance disturbance. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 53:M320–M326 CrossRefPubMed
75.
Zurück zum Zitat Young A, Skelton DA (1994) Applied physiology of strength and power in old age. Int J Sports Med 15:149–151 CrossRefPubMed Young A, Skelton DA (1994) Applied physiology of strength and power in old age. Int J Sports Med 15:149–151 CrossRefPubMed
Metadaten
Titel
Skelettmuskuläre Faktoren, Sarkopenie und Stürze im Alter
verfasst von
Daniel Schoene
Eva Kiesswetter
Cornel C. Sieber
Ellen Freiberger
Publikationsdatum
29.06.2017
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-017-1283-6