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01.08.2017 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 6/2017

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2017

Nurses’ competence in kinaesthetics

A concept development

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie > Ausgabe 6/2017
MScN, RN Heidrun Gattinger, PhD, RN Prof. Helena Leino-Kilpi, PhD, RN Prof. Sascha Köpke, lic.phil. Stefan Marty-Teuber, PhD, RN Prof. Beate Senn, PhD, RN Virpi Hantikainen
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi: 10.​1007/​s00391-016-1126-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Author contributions. All authors have agreed on the final version and meet at least one of the following criteria as recommended by the ICMJE (http://​www.​icmje.​org): substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content.



This study was carried out to systematically describe nurses’ competence in kinaesthetics.


In elderly care the kinaesthetics program for nurses has been taught for over 25 years; however, the competence that nurses should gain through kinaesthetics training from a theoretical perspective has not yet been systematically described.

Material and methods

The method was modelled after the three phases of the hybrid model of concept development by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim (2000). In the theoretical phase a working definition was established and a literature review conducted. We searched the online databases PubMed and CINAHL and the reference lists up to February 2016. In the empirical phase experts defined the attributes during a workshop in October 2013. In the analytical phase the results from the theoretical and empirical phase were combined in order to define antecedents, attributes and consequences of the concept.


The concept of nurses’ competence in kinaesthetics includes two antecedents: (1) nurses’ kinaesthetics training and (2) care recipients’ need for mobility support in activities of daily living. This concept includes a set of attributes in the areas of knowledge, skills, attitudes and dynamic state. It contributes towards (1) movement competence and (2) physical and psychological well-being of both care recipients and nurses.


The concept of nurses’ competence in kinaesthetics might support awareness and communication about mobility-enhancing gerontological care. Based on the attributes of nurse’ competence in kinaesthetics an assessment instrument will be developed that can be used to evaluate nurses’ competence in kinaesthetics in clinical practice. Further research is needed to evaluate the consequences of the developed concept.

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