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18.10.2019 | Themenschwerpunkt | Sonderheft 4/2019 Open Access

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 4/2019

Multicomponent, nonpharmacological delirium interventions for older inpatients

A scoping review

Zeitschrift:
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie > Sonderheft 4/2019
Autoren:
M.A. Nursing Science Claudia Eckstein, Heinrich Burkhardt
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00391-019-01627-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The original version of this article was revised. Please note the correct version of Fig. 1.
An erratum to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00391-019-01652-x.

Abstract

Background

Older people represent a risk group for acquiring or further development of delirium during hospitalization, therefore requiring suitable nonpharmacological delirium interventions.

Objective

This scoping review analyzed nonpharmacological intervention programs for older inpatients with or without cognitive decline on regular or acute geriatric wards to present the range of interventions.

Methods

A systematic literature search was conducted using scientific databases. A total of 4652 records were screened by two independent reviewers, leaving 81 eligible articles for full-text screening and 25 studies were finally included. Inclusion criteria were older patients ≥65 years in regular or acute geriatric wards and nonpharmacological multicomponent interventions.

Results

More than a half of the included studies (14, 56%) recruited patients with pre-existing cognitive decline as part of the study population and 12% focused exclusively on patients with cognitive decline. On average 11 intervention components were integrated in the programs and two programs included full coverage of all 18 identified components.

Conclusion

Only few programs were described for older inpatients and even fewer regarding pre-existing cognitive decline. The low numbers of interventions and data heterogeneity restricted the assessment of outcomes; however, delirium incidence, as reported by two thirds of the studies was reduced by nonpharmacological multicomponent interventions.

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