Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2015

01.08.2015 | Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt

Job strain and coping among ageing baby boomers

verfasst von: Mag.a Anna Wanka, Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Kolland, Mag.a Sophie Psihoda

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 6/2015

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Background

Research indicates that the so-called baby boomer generation (the population born after World War II) exhibits worrying health trends. Taking age-cohort effects into account, it is still unclear how the mechanisms concerning stress and health function and how the distribution of stressors, stress mediators and stress effects on health differ between generations.

Objectives

The article approaches stress from a generational perspective asking: which are the stressors the baby boomer generation is facing? Under which conditions and with which resources is exposure to stressors harmful to health? Is there an accumulation of stress in later working life?

Material and methods

In the course of the project “Wellbeing”, a quantitative online survey was carried out in selected commercial enterprises and public institutions in four project partner countries. The results for Austrian participants are presented in this article.

Results

Employees of the baby boomer generation are exposed to both time-related and social stressors at the workplace and a high percentage of responde nts expressed symptoms of physical and psychological stress. Stress mediators, such as agency-based coping strategies and social resources at the workplace could buffer these stressors; however, stressors and stress mediators are significantly correlated creating a “triple whammy” effect (i.e. exposure to stressors, lack of social resources and restricted coping), which particularly affects older male baby boomers.

Conclusion

Social support buffers the negative effects of a limited health and lower education for female baby boomers, which supports the buffering hypothesis of social convoy theory, whereas male baby boomers lack the resources to effectively cope with work stress.
Fußnoten
1
Managerial staff were not asked this set of questions.
 
2
ibid.
 
3
Only managerial staff were asked this set of questions.
 
4
Managerial staff were only asked questions on individual coping strategies.
 
5
These percentages are about equal to the national statistics (microcensus ad hoc module ‘Work related accidents, health problems and hazardous exposure’, 2013 [10]).
 
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Antonucci TC, Ajrouch KJ, Janevic MR (2003) The significance of social relations with children to the Socio-Economic Status-Health Link in men and women aged 40 and over. Soc Sci Med 56:949–960 CrossRefPubMed Antonucci TC, Ajrouch KJ, Janevic MR (2003) The significance of social relations with children to the Socio-Economic Status-Health Link in men and women aged 40 and over. Soc Sci Med 56:949–960 CrossRefPubMed
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Miller GE (2007) Psychological stress and disease. JAMA 298(14):1685–1687 CrossRefPubMed Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Miller GE (2007) Psychological stress and disease. JAMA 298(14):1685–1687 CrossRefPubMed
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Curran CR (2006) Boomers: bottlenecked, bored, and burned out. Nurs Econ 24(2):57–93 PubMed Curran CR (2006) Boomers: bottlenecked, bored, and burned out. Nurs Econ 24(2):57–93 PubMed
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Kahana E, Kahana B (2010) Stress and agentic ageing: a targeted adaptation model focues on cancer. In: Dannefer D, Phillipson C (eds) Handbook of Social Gerontology. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 280–293 CrossRef Kahana E, Kahana B (2010) Stress and agentic ageing: a targeted adaptation model focues on cancer. In: Dannefer D, Phillipson C (eds) Handbook of Social Gerontology. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 280–293 CrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat King DE, Matheson E, Chirina S, Shankar A, Broman-Fulks J (2013) The status of baby boomer’s health in the United States: the healthiest generation? JAMA Intern Med 4:E1–E2 King DE, Matheson E, Chirina S, Shankar A, Broman-Fulks J (2013) The status of baby boomer’s health in the United States: the healthiest generation? JAMA Intern Med 4:E1–E2
7.
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Pearlin LI (2010) The life course and the stress process: some conceptual comparisons. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 65B(2):207–215 CrossRef Pearlin LI (2010) The life course and the stress process: some conceptual comparisons. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 65B(2):207–215 CrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Stansfeld SA, Fuhrer R, Shipley MJ, Marmot MG (2002) Psychological distress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in the Whitehall II Study. Int J Epidemiol 31:248–255 CrossRefPubMed Stansfeld SA, Fuhrer R, Shipley MJ, Marmot MG (2002) Psychological distress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in the Whitehall II Study. Int J Epidemiol 31:248–255 CrossRefPubMed
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Statistik Austria (2014) Arbeitsunfälle und arbeitsbezogene Gesundheitsprobleme. Modul der Arbeitskräfteerhebung 2013. Verlag Österreich, Wien Statistik Austria (2014) Arbeitsunfälle und arbeitsbezogene Gesundheitsprobleme. Modul der Arbeitskräfteerhebung 2013. Verlag Österreich, Wien
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Thoits PA (2010) Stress and health: major findings and policy implications. J Health Soc Behav 51:41–53 CrossRef Thoits PA (2010) Stress and health: major findings and policy implications. J Health Soc Behav 51:41–53 CrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Vasunilashorn S, Lynch SM, Glei DA, Weinstein M, Goldman N (2015) Exposure to stressors and trajectories of perceived stress among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 70(2):329–337 CrossRefPubMed Vasunilashorn S, Lynch SM, Glei DA, Weinstein M, Goldman N (2015) Exposure to stressors and trajectories of perceived stress among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 70(2):329–337 CrossRefPubMed
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Wei-Lun L, Shieunt-Han T, Chao-Wen T, Chia-Ying L (2011) A study on work stress, stress coping strategies and health promoting lifestyle among district hospital nurses in Taiwan. J Occup Health 53:377–383 CrossRef Wei-Lun L, Shieunt-Han T, Chao-Wen T, Chia-Ying L (2011) A study on work stress, stress coping strategies and health promoting lifestyle among district hospital nurses in Taiwan. J Occup Health 53:377–383 CrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Wickramasinghe V (2010) Work-related dimensions and job stress: the moderating effect of coping strategies. Stress Health 26:417–429 CrossRef Wickramasinghe V (2010) Work-related dimensions and job stress: the moderating effect of coping strategies. Stress Health 26:417–429 CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Job strain and coping among ageing baby boomers
verfasst von
Mag.a Anna Wanka
Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Kolland
Mag.a Sophie Psihoda
Publikationsdatum
01.08.2015
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-015-0929-5

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2015

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2015 Zur Ausgabe

Mitteilungen der ÖGGG

Mitteilungen der ÖGGG

CME Zertifizierte Fortbildung

Alkohol im Alter