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02.10.2018 | Originalien

Gender differences in paid employment after retirement

Psychosocial working conditions and well-being

verfasst von: Jeannette Weber, Annet de Lange, Andreas Müller

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Sonderheft 1/2019

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Abstract

Background

An increasing number of persons continue to work after retirement age. This decision is often different between men and women as well as working histories, sectors and hierarchical positions; however, whether gender differences in working conditions and occupational well-being also exist in paid employment after retirement (PEAR) has not yet been investigated.

Objective

This study aimed to examine gender differences in working conditions and well-being of workers in PEAR.

Material and methods

In this study 784 employees (23.5% female) aged 65 years and older who were contracted by a Dutch temporary employment agency, participated in the baseline survey in 2011. Furthermore, a panel of 228 employees (25.9% female) participated again during a second wave in 2012. Job demands, job control, emotional exhaustion and job engagement were assessed at both time points by validated self-reporting measures.

Results

Female employees worked fewer years in paid employment before 65 years of age, were more likely to be single, divorced or widowed, had a smaller income and worked less hours during PEAR than men. In the baseline analysis, females reported less job control and higher job stress than men. No gender differences were found on emotional exhaustion, engagement or job demands. Over the study period emotional exhaustion only increased in females. The longitudinal trend of job demands, control and engagement did not significantly differ between both sexes.

Conclusion

The results suggest that working conditions of PEAR are less favorable for women than for men. Furthermore, the longitudinal trend of emotional exhaustion seems to be more disadvantageous for women.
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Metadaten
Titel
Gender differences in paid employment after retirement
Psychosocial working conditions and well-being
verfasst von
Jeannette Weber
Annet de Lange
Andreas Müller
Publikationsdatum
02.10.2018
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe Sonderheft 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-018-1453-1

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