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01.10.2016 | Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt | Ausgabe 7/2016

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 7/2016

Frailty and exercise interventions

Evidence and barriers for exercise programs

Zeitschrift:
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie > Ausgabe 7/2016
Autoren:
PD Dr. E. Freiberger, W. Kemmler, M. Siegrist, C. Sieber

Abstract

Background

Due to the worldwide demographic transition healthcare systems are facing new demands and are increasingly confronted with an older population with specific medical needs related to multiple chronic disorders. The majority of older persons have an increased risk of frailty. In addition to pharmaceutical interventions another beneficial approach for counteracting frailty might be exercise or physical activity intervention.

Objective

The first goal was to narratively investigate the state of the art effective exercise interventions for frail older persons and briefly discuss the importance of exercise intervention for frailty. The second goal was to give recommendations to overcome barriers in the recruitment process and how to increase adherence of frail older persons in exercise programs.

Results

Several systematic reviews came to the same conclusion that exercise has beneficial effects in frail older persons although uncertainty exists on the optimal exercise program with regard to frequency, type of exercise and duration. Furthermore, all reviews demonstrated the superior nature of multicomponent exercise programs as opposed to single component exercise programs. With regard to barriers different levels have to be taken into account and addressed: older persons themselves with self-efficacy and attitudes, the healthcare personnel involved and the provider of the intervention program.

Conclusion

Exercise seems a promising approach to counteract frailty but including frail older persons in research programs is challenging. Researchers have to be aware of the different levels of possible barriers ranging from older frail persons and medical personnel to researchers.

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