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Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 8/2022

10.11.2021 | Original Contributions

Effect of frailty on kinematic characteristics of walking in community-dwelling elders

verfasst von: Lingyu Kong, Wei Wang, Xinrui Zhu, Wen Zhang, Qianqian Li, Xiaowen Wang, Ph.D. Liduan Wang

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 8/2022

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Abstract

Objective

Frailty has a high prevalence in elders and impairs motor ability. This study aimed to investigate the influence caused by frailty in kinematic characteristics of walking and walking strategy adjustment from static standing to stable walking.

Methods

In this study, 80 community-dwelling elders performed tests. The Kihon checklist (KCL) was used to assess frailty. The timed up and go test (TUGT) and the 30-s chair stand test (30-s CST) were used to assess balance and muscle strength. The Xsens MVN BIOMECH Awinda was used to collect walking kinematic data.

Results

This study included 25 robust, 30 prefrail, and 25 frail elders. The TUGT completed time (P < 0.001) and the 30-s CST completed number (P = 0.002) had statistical differences among groups. The maximum peak of knee internal rotation showed an interaction between the frailty and the walking phase (P = 0.015). The peak angle of hip adduction, hip and knee flexion, and knee and ankle internal rotation were significantly lower in frail elders than others (P< 0.05).

Conclusion

Frailty affects the kinematic characteristics of walking, resulting in the hip, knee, and ankle flexion, hip adduction, knee and ankle internal rotation reduced. Besides, frailty has a specific negative effect on the walking strategy adjustment from static standing to stable walking.
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Metadaten
Titel
Effect of frailty on kinematic characteristics of walking in community-dwelling elders
verfasst von
Lingyu Kong
Wei Wang
Xinrui Zhu
Wen Zhang
Qianqian Li
Xiaowen Wang
Ph.D. Liduan Wang
Publikationsdatum
10.11.2021
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 8/2022
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-021-01997-2

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