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01.10.2015 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 7/2015

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 7/2015

Differences in evaluation between geriatric and adult patients requiring pulmonary consultation

Zeitschrift:
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie > Ausgabe 7/2015
Autoren:
MD Gulistan Karadeniz, MD Melike Demir, Halide Kaya, Yusuf Yesil, Semih Degerli, Derya Yenibertiz

Abstract

Objective

The main aim of the study was to investigate the effects of age in pulmonary consultation and to evaluate differences between geriatric and adult patients.

Material and methods

Consultation referrals to the clinic of chest diseases for patients from emergency, inpatient and outpatient clinics of a tertiary care general hospital between December 2010 and April 2011 were examined retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups, namely those aged 65 years and over (geriatric patients) and those under the age of 65 years (adults).

Results

Out of 272 patients 135 (49.6 %) were geriatric patients and 137 (50.4 %) were adult patients. The mean age of the geriatric patients and adults was 75.6 ± 7.1 years and 49.7 ± 11.8 years, respectively. While the geriatric patients showed a significantly higher presence of pathologies in chest radiography, respiratory complaints and concomitant diseases compared to the adult group, the respiratory function test results were lower. The complaint of shortness of breath was higher in the geriatric group compared to the adult group (71 % in geriatric patients and 59.1 % in adults). The most common diagnosis was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, 37 %) in the geriatric patients and asthma (27.7 %) in the adult patients. As to the results of consultations, treatment-oriented recommendations were given for 63 (46.6 %) geriatric patients and approval for operation was given for 75 (54.7 %) adult patients.

Conclusion

Consultants should take the age of patients into consideration during evaluation in order to achieve the most appropriate treatment plan for these patients and reduce the potential postoperative complications to a minimum.

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