Skip to main content
Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2014

01.08.2014 | Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt

Comprehension of climate change and environmental attitudes across the lifespan

verfasst von: C. Degen, M.Sc., S.E. Kettner, H. Fischer, J. Lohse, J. Funke, C. Schwieren, T. Goeschl, J. Schröder

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 6/2014

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Given the coincidence of the demographic change and climate change in the upcoming decades the aging voter gains increasing importance in climate change mitigation and adaptation processes. It is generally assumed that information status and comprehension of complex processes underlying climate change are prerequisites for adopting pro-environmental attitudes and taking pro-environmental actions. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated in how far (1) environmental knowledge and comprehension of feedback processes underlying climate change and (2) pro-environmental attitudes change as a function of age. Our sample consisted of 92 participants aged 25–75 years (mean age 49.4 years, SD 17.0). Age was negatively related to comprehension of system structures inherent to climate change, but positively associated with level of fear of consequences and anxiousness towards climate change. No significant relations were found between environmental knowledge and pro-environmental attitude. These results indicate that, albeit understanding of relevant structures of the climate system is less present in older age, age is not a limiting factor for being engaged in the complex dilemma of climate change. Results bear implications for the communication of climate change and pro-environmental actions in aging societies.
Fußnoten
1
Results from the incentivized decision task that was also elicited in the computerized part are reported in Goeschl et al. [7].
 
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Balestra C, Dottori D (2012) Aging society, health and the environment. J Popul Econ 25(3):1045–1076CrossRef Balestra C, Dottori D (2012) Aging society, health and the environment. J Popul Econ 25(3):1045–1076CrossRef
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Booth Sweeney L, Sterman JD (2000) Bathtub dynamics: initial results of a system thinking inventory. Syst Dyn Rev 16(4):249–294CrossRef Booth Sweeney L, Sterman JD (2000) Bathtub dynamics: initial results of a system thinking inventory. Syst Dyn Rev 16(4):249–294CrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Chawla L (1999) Life paths into effective environmental action. J Environ Edu 31(1):15–26CrossRef Chawla L (1999) Life paths into effective environmental action. J Environ Edu 31(1):15–26CrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Diekman A, Preisendörfer P (1998) Environmental behavior: discrepancies between aspirations and reality. Rationality Soc 10:79–102CrossRef Diekman A, Preisendörfer P (1998) Environmental behavior: discrepancies between aspirations and reality. Rationality Soc 10:79–102CrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Erikson EH (1968) Identity, youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. Erikson EH (1968) Identity, youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Federal Statistical Office (2011) Im Blickpunkt – Ältere Menschen in Deutschland und der EU. Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden Federal Statistical Office (2011) Im Blickpunkt – Ältere Menschen in Deutschland und der EU. Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Fischer H, Degen C, Funke J (2014) Improving stock-flow reasoning with verbal formats. Simulation and Gaming (accepted) Fischer H, Degen C, Funke J (2014) Improving stock-flow reasoning with verbal formats. Simulation and Gaming (accepted)
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Goeschl, Kettner, Lohse, Schwieren (2014) What do we learn from public good games about climate change? Mimeo, University of Heidelberg Goeschl, Kettner, Lohse, Schwieren (2014) What do we learn from public good games about climate change? Mimeo, University of Heidelberg
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Kaiser FG, Wölfing S, Fuhrer U (1999) Environmental attitude and ecological behaviour. J Environ Psychol 19:1–19CrossRef Kaiser FG, Wölfing S, Fuhrer U (1999) Environmental attitude and ecological behaviour. J Environ Psychol 19:1–19CrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Kollmuss A, Agyeman J (2002) ‘Mind the gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior?’ Environmental education research, Vol 8,pp 239–260 Kollmuss A, Agyeman J (2002) ‘Mind the gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior?’ Environmental education research, Vol 8,pp 239–260
11.
Zurück zum Zitat List JA (2004) Young, selfish and male: field evidence of social preferences. Econ J 114(492):121–149CrossRef List JA (2004) Young, selfish and male: field evidence of social preferences. Econ J 114(492):121–149CrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Löschel A, Sturm B, Vogt C (2013) The demand for climate protection—empirical evidence from Germany. Econ Lett 118(3):415–418CrossRef Löschel A, Sturm B, Vogt C (2013) The demand for climate protection—empirical evidence from Germany. Econ Lett 118(3):415–418CrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Martinsson J, Lundqvist L (2010) Ecological citizenship: coming out “clean” without turning “green”? Environ Politics 19:518–537CrossRef Martinsson J, Lundqvist L (2010) Ecological citizenship: coming out “clean” without turning “green”? Environ Politics 19:518–537CrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Raven JC (1936) Mental tests used in genetic studies: The performance of related individuals on tests mainly educative and mainly reproductive. MSc Thesis, University of London Raven JC (1936) Mental tests used in genetic studies: The performance of related individuals on tests mainly educative and mainly reproductive. MSc Thesis, University of London
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Schröder J, Pantel J (2011) Die leichte kognitive Beeinträchtigung – Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Prävention im Vorfeld der Alzheimer Demenz. Schattauer-Verlag, Stuttgart Schröder J, Pantel J (2011) Die leichte kognitive Beeinträchtigung – Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Prävention im Vorfeld der Alzheimer Demenz. Schattauer-Verlag, Stuttgart
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Sterman JD, Booth Sweeney L (2007) Understanding public complacency about climate change: adults’ mental models of climate change violate conservation of matter. Clim Change 80(3–4):213–238 Sterman JD, Booth Sweeney L (2007) Understanding public complacency about climate change: adults’ mental models of climate change violate conservation of matter. Clim Change 80(3–4):213–238
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Sterman JD (2011) Communicating climate change risks in a skeptical world. Clim Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0189-3 Sterman JD (2011) Communicating climate change risks in a skeptical world. Clim Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0189-3
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Stern N (2007) Stern review on the economics of climate change. Executive summary. HM Treasury, London Stern N (2007) Stern review on the economics of climate change. Executive summary. HM Treasury, London
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Sturm W, Wilmes K, Horn W (1993) Leistungsprüfsystem für 50–90jährige (LPS 50+). Hogrefe, Göttingen Sturm W, Wilmes K, Horn W (1993) Leistungsprüfsystem für 50–90jährige (LPS 50+). Hogrefe, Göttingen
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Toro P, Schönknecht P, Schröder J (2009) Type II diabetes in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease: results from a prospective population-based study in Germany. J Alzheimers Dis 16(4):687–6691PubMed Toro P, Schönknecht P, Schröder J (2009) Type II diabetes in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease: results from a prospective population-based study in Germany. J Alzheimers Dis 16(4):687–6691PubMed
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Wagner GG, Frick JR, Schupp J (2007) The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)—scope, evolution and enhancements. Schmollers Jahrbuch 127(1):139–169 Wagner GG, Frick JR, Schupp J (2007) The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)—scope, evolution and enhancements. Schmollers Jahrbuch 127(1):139–169
Metadaten
Titel
Comprehension of climate change and environmental attitudes across the lifespan
verfasst von
C. Degen, M.Sc.
S.E. Kettner
H. Fischer
J. Lohse
J. Funke
C. Schwieren
T. Goeschl
J. Schröder
Publikationsdatum
01.08.2014
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 6/2014
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-014-0675-0

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe

Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt

Climate gerontology

Mitteilungen des BV Geriatrie

Mitteilungen des BV Geriatrie