Mutations in genes encoding tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 were previously shown to affect mortality. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the functional promoter regions of TNF-α (G308A) and IL-6 (G174C) are among the most widely studied.
To determine whether TNF-α G308A and IL-6 G174C SNPs confer susceptibility to longevity, we performed a meta-analysis to comprehensively estimate the association between these SNPs and longevity in long-lived individuals (LLI, aged ≥ 80 years).
Materials and methods
Studies addressing the role of TNF-α and IL-6 SNPs in longevity were identified from the PubMed database. Pooled ORs with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association between SNPs and longevity.
The meta-analysis was based on four studies of TNF-α G308A and nine of IL-6 G174C, covering a total of 2945 LLI individuals and 2992 controls. Overall, no significantly increased risks were observed for G308A [A vs. G (additive model): OR = 0.98, 95 % CI = 0.79–1.22, p = 0.852; AA + AG vs. GG (dominant model): OR = 0.97, 95 % CI = 0.75–1.24, p = 0.791] or for G174C [C vs. G (additive model): OR = 1.07, 95 % CI = 0.94–1.22, p = 0.293; CC + CG vs. GG (dominant model): OR = 1.09, 95 % CI = 0.93–1.28, p = 0.299]. There was no change in the significance when a cutoff age of ≥ 90 years was introduced.
We found no evidence that the TNF-α G308A and IL-6 G174C SNPs affected the probability of reaching an advanced age in Caucasians, and that they have little effect on delaying the onset and progression of age-related diseases, but this does not rule out the possibility of population-specific effects caused by different genes and/or environmental factors and their interactions.